TOP500 List - June 2006

Rmax and Rpeak values are in TFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank System Cores Rmax (TFlop/s) Rpeak (TFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 BlueGene/L - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
131,072 280.6 367.0 1,433
2 BGW - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
United States
40,960 91.3 114.7 448
3 ASC Purple - eServer pSeries p5 575 1.9 GHz, IBM
DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
12,208 75.8 92.8 1,992
4 Columbia - SGI Altix 1.5 GHz, Voltaire Infiniband, HPE
NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
10,160 51.9 61.0
5 Tera-10 - NovaScale 5160, Itanium2 1.6 GHz, Quadrics, Atos
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
8,704 42.9 55.7
6 Thunderbird - PowerEdge 1850, 3.6 GHz, Infiniband, Dell EMC
NNSA/Sandia National Laboratories
United States
9,024 38.3 65.0
7 TSUBAME Grid Cluster - Sun Fire x4600 Cluster, Opteron 2.4/2.6 GHz, Infiniband, NEC/Sun
GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Japan
10,368 38.2 49.9
8 JUBL - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
16,384 37.3 45.9 179
9 Red Storm Cray XT3, 2.0 GHz, Cray/HPE
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
10,880 36.2 43.5
10 Earth-Simulator, NEC
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
Japan
5,120 35.9 41.0 3,200
11 MareNostrum - JS20 Cluster, PPC 970, 2.2 GHz, Myrinet, IBM
Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Spain
4,800 27.9 42.1
12 Stella - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
ASTRON/University Groningen
Netherlands
12,288 27.4 34.4 134
13 Jaguar - Cray XT3, 2.4 GHz, Cray/HPE
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
5,200 20.5 25.0
14 Thunder - Intel Itanium2 Tiger4 1.4GHz - Quadrics, California Digital Corporation
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
4,096 19.9 22.9
15 Blue Protein - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
Computational Biology Research Center, AIST
Japan
8,192 18.2 22.9 89
16 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Switzerland
8,192 18.2 22.9 89
17 KEK/BG Sakura - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK
Japan
8,192 18.2 22.9 89
18 KEK/BG MOMO - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK
Japan
8,192 18.2 22.9 89
19 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
IBM Rochester, On Demand Deep Computing Center
United States
8,192 18.2 22.9 89
20 Sapphire - Cray XT3, 2.6 GHz, Cray/HPE
ERDC DSRC
United States
4,096 17.0 21.3
21 MACH5 - Apple XServe, 2.0 GHz, Myrinet, Self-made
COLSA
United States
3,072 16.2 24.6
22 Cray X1E (4GB), Cray/HPE
Korea Meteorological Administration
South Korea
1,020 15.7 18.4
23 Big Red - BladeCenter JS21 Cluster, PPC 970, 2.5 GHz, Myrinet, IBM
Indiana University
United States
2,048 15.0 20.5
24 Cray X1E (2GB), Cray/HPE
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
1,014 15.0 18.3
25 ASCI Q - AlphaServer SC45, 1.25 GHz, HPE
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
8,192 13.9 20.5
26 HPC - Pentium4 Xeon, EM64T, Opteron, Opteron dual core, Cluster, Myrinet, Oracle
University of Southern California
United States
5,328 13.8 21.3
27 BladeCenter LS20, Opteron 2.2 GHz Dual core, GigEthernet, IBM
Geoscience (E)
United States
5,000 12.3 22.0 307
28 System X - 1100 Dual 2.3 GHz Apple XServe/Mellanox Infiniband 4X/Cisco GigE, Self-made
Virginia Tech
United States
2,200 12.2 20.2
29 SGI Altix 3700 Bx2, 1.6 GHz, NUMALink, HPE
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
2,048 11.8 13.1
30 SGI Altix 3700 Bx2, 1.6 GHz, NUMALink, HPE
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
2,048 11.8 13.1
31 Cray XT3, 2.6 GHz, Cray/HPE
AWE
United Kingdom
2,652 11.8 13.8
32 BlueGene/L DD1 Prototype (0.5GHz PowerPC 440 w/Custom), IBM/ LLNL
IBM Rochester
United States
8,192 11.7 16.4
33 John Von Neumann - LNX Cluster, Xeon 3.6 GHz, Myrinet, Linux Networx
US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
2,048 10.7 14.7
34 PACS-CS - PACS-CS, low voltage Xeon 2.8 GHz, 3D Hyper-Crossbar, Hitachi/Fujitsu
Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Japan
2,560 10.3 14.3 545
35 eServer pSeries 655 (1.7 GHz Power4+), IBM
China Meteorological Administration
China
3,200 10.3 21.8
36 eServer pSeries 655 (1.7 GHz Power4+), IBM
Naval Oceanographic Office - NAVO DSRC
United States
2,944 10.3 20.0
37 Tungsten - PowerEdge 1750, P4 Xeon 3.06 GHz, Myrinet, Dell EMC
NCSA
United States
2,500 9.8 15.3
38 KEK/BG UME - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK
Japan
4,096 9.4 11.5 44
39 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
IBM - Almaden Research Center
United States
4,096 9.4 11.5 44
40 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
IBM Research
Switzerland
4,096 9.4 11.5 44
41 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM/ LLNL
IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
United States
4,096 9.4 11.5 44
42 eServer pSeries 690 (1.9 GHz Power4+), IBM
ECMWF
United Kingdom
2,176 9.2 16.5
43 eServer pSeries 690 (1.9 GHz Power4+), IBM
ECMWF
United Kingdom
2,176 9.2 16.5
44 DataStar - eServer pSeries 655/690 (1.5/1.7 GHz Power4+), IBM
UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
2,464 9.1 15.6
45 SR11000-K1/80, Hitachi
Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan
80 9.0 10.8
46 SR11000-K1/80, Hitachi
Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan
80 9.0 10.8
47 SGI Altix 3700 Bx2, 1.6 GHz, NUMALink, HPE
National Computational Infrastructure (NCI Australia)
Australia
1,536 9.0 9.8
48 SX8/576M72, NEC
HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
576 8.9 9.2
49 RIKEN Super Combined Cluster, Fujitsu
Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN)
Japan
2,048 8.7 12.5
50 Mpp2 - Cluster Platform 6000 rx2600 Itanium2 1.5 GHz, Quadrics, HPE
DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
United States
1,936 8.6 11.6
51 BladeCenter LS20, Opteron 2.0 GHz Dual core, GigEthernet, IBM
Georgia Institute of Technology
United States
3,920 8.5 15.7 220
52 CITerra - PowerEdge 1850, 3.2 GHz, Myrinet, Dell EMC
Caltech
United States
2,048 8.4 13.1
53 Dawning 4000A, Opteron 2.2 GHz, Myrinet, Dawning
Shanghai Supercomputer Center
China
2,560 8.1 11.3
54 Lightning - Opteron 2 GHz, Myrinet, Linux Networx
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
2,816 8.1 11.3
55 BigBen - Cray XT3, 2.4 GHz, Cray/HPE
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
2,060 7.9 9.9
56 Cluster Platform 4000 DL145 Opteron 2.8 GHz Infiniband, HPE
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
2,048 7.9 11.5
57 U2 - PowerEdge SC1425 3.2 GHz, Myrinet, Dell EMC
University at Buffalo, SUNY, Center for Computational Res.
United States
1,536 7.7 9.8
58 MCR Linux Cluster Xeon 2.4 GHz - Quadrics, Linux Networx/Quadrics
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
2,304 7.6 11.1
59 eServer pSeries p5 575 1.5 GHz, IBM
HPCx
United Kingdom
1,536 7.4 9.2
60 ASCI White, SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
8,192 7.3 12.3
61 Seaborg - SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
6,656 7.3 10.0
62 TeraGrid, Itanium2 1.3/1.5 GHZ, Myrinet, IBM
NCSA
United States
1,776 7.2 10.3
63 eServer Opteron 2.2 GHz. Myrinet, IBM
US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
2,320 7.2 10.2
64 Cray XT3, 2.6 GHz, Cray/HPE
Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
1,664 7.0 8.7
65 Lonestar2 - PowerEdge 1855, 3.2 GHz, Infiniband, Dell EMC
Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas
United States
1,300 7.0 8.3
66 Mp - PowerEdge SC1425 3.6 GHz- Infiniband, Dell EMC
University of Sherbrooke
Canada
1,152 6.9 8.3
67 PRIMEPOWER HPC2500 (2.08 GHz), Fujitsu
Nagoya University
Japan
1,664 6.9 13.8
68 Endeavor - Intel Cluster, Xeon 3.0 GHz dual core, Infiniband, Intel
Intel
United States
928 6.9 11.1
69 Coyote A - Opteron 2.6 GHz, Infiniband, Linux Networx
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
1,620 6.7 8.4
70 MVS-15000BM, eServer BladeCenter JS20 (PowerPC970 2.2 GHz), Myrinet, IBM
Joint Supercomputer Center
Russia
1,148 6.6 10.1
71 xSeries Cluster Xeon 2.4 GHz - Quadrics, IBM/Quadrics
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
1,920 6.6 9.2
72 Bassi - eServer pSeries p5 575 1.9 GHz, IBM
DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
976 6.4 7.4 159
73 Explore - SGI Altix 3700 Bx2, 1.5 GHz, NUMAlink, Infiniband, HPE
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
1,152 6.3 6.9
74 Topsail - PowerEdge 1855, 3.6 GHz, Infiniband, Dell EMC
University of North Carolina
United States
1,040 6.3 7.5
75 Lilac - xSeries x335 Cluster, Xeon 3.06 GHz, Quadrics, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
1,540 6.2 9.4
76 eServer pSeries 690 (1.7 GHz Power4+), IBM
HPCx
United Kingdom
1,600 6.2 10.9
77 AIST Super Cluster P-32 - AIST Super Cluster P-32, Opteron 2.0 GHz, Myrinet, IBM
Grid Technology Research Center, AIST
Japan
2,200 6.2 8.8
78 Tungsten 2 - PowerEdge 1850, 3.6 GHz, Infiniband, Dell EMC
NCSA
United States
1,024 6.1 7.4
79 SGI Altix 3700 Bx2, 1.6 GHz, NUMALink, HPE
NCSA
United States
1,024 6.0 6.6
80 Whale - Cluster Platform 4000 DL145 Opteron 2.2 GHz Dual Core GigEthernet, HPE
SharcNet
Canada
3,072 6.0 13.5
81 SGI Altix 3700 Bx2, 1.6 GHz, NUMALink, 10GigEthernet, HPE
Tohoku University, Institute of Fluid Science
Japan
1,024 6.0 6.6
82 Blade Cluster BL-20P, Pentium4 Xeon 3.2 GHz, GigEthernet, HPE
Telecommunication Company
United States
1,728 6.0 11.1
83 Requin - Cluster Platform 4000 DL145, Opteron 2,6 GHz, Quadrics, HPE
SharcNet
Canada
1,536 5.7 8.0
84 eServer pSeries p5 575 1.9 GHz, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
864 5.7 6.6 141
85 eServer BladeCenter JS20 (PowerPC970 2.2 GHz), Myrinet, IBM
Seoul National University
South Korea
968 5.6 8.5
86 JUMP - eServer pSeries 690 (1.7 GHz Power4+), IBM
Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
1,312 5.6 8.9
87 Marylou4 - PowerEdge 1855, 3.6 GHz, GigEthernet, Dell EMC
Brigham Young University
United States
1,260 5.4 9.1
88 Topdawg - PowerEdge 1850, 3.2 GHz, Infiniband, Dell EMC
University of Oklahoma
United States
1,024 5.4 6.6
89 PRIMEPOWER HPC2500 (1.3 GHz), Fujitsu
National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
2,304 5.4 12.0
90 SSC_V40z+x4100 - Fire V40x/X4100 Cluster Opteron 2.4GHz dual core, Infiniband, Oracle
Sun Solution Center for HPC
United States
1,536 5.4 7.4
91 Lenngren - PowerEdge 1850, 3.4 GHz, Infiniband, Dell EMC
KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
Sweden
886 5.0 6.0
92 SR11000-J1/50, Hitachi
Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan
50 5.0 6.1
93 BladeCenter LS20, Opteron 2.2 GHz Dual core, GigEthernet, IBM
Financial Services (M)
United Kingdom
2,000 4.9 8.8 123
94 BladeCenter LS20, Opteron 2.2 GHz Dual core, GigEthernet, IBM
Financial Services (M)
United Kingdom
2,000 4.9 8.8 123
95 eServer pSeries p5 575 1.9 GHz, IBM
Adam Opel AG
Germany
720 4.8 5.5 117
96 Coyote B - Opteron 2.6 GHz, Infiniband, Linux Networx
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
1,080 4.7 5.6
97 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
Boston University
United States
2,048 4.7 5.7 22
98 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
2,048 4.7 5.7 22
99 CyBlue - eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
Iowa State University
United States
2,048 4.7 5.7 22
100 eServer Blue Gene Solution, IBM
MIT
United States
2,048 4.7 5.7 22