TOP500 List - November 1998

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 ASCI Red, Intel
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
9,152 1,338.0 1,830.4
2 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
1,084 891.0 1,300.8
3 T3E900, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
1,324 815.0 1,191.6
4 ASCI Blue Mountain, HPE
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
6,144 690.9 3,072.0
5 T3E900, Cray/HPE
United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
876 552.0 788.4
6 ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e, IBM
IBM
United States
1,952 547.0 1,296.1
7 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
CSAR at the University of Manchester
United Kingdom
612 509.0 734.4
8 ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
1,344 468.2 892.4
9 T3E900, Cray/HPE
Naval Oceanographic Office - NAVO DSRC
United States
700 449.0 630.0
10 T3E, Cray/HPE
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
1,084 448.6 650.4
11 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
Cray Inc.
United States
540 447.0 648.0
12 T3E900, Cray/HPE
DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
692 444.0 622.8
13 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
Deutscher Wetterdienst
Germany
484 401.0 580.8
14 CP-PACS/2048, Hitachi/Tsukuba
Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Japan
2,048 368.2 614.4
15 T3E, Cray/HPE
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
812 355.0 487.2
16 T3E900, Cray/HPE
HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
540 341.0 486.0
17 T3E900, Cray/HPE
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
540 341.0 486.0
18 SX-4/128M4, NEC
Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
128 244.0 256.0
19 SX-4/128H4, NEC
Tohoku University
Japan
128 244.0 256.0
20 T3E, Cray/HPE
Cray Inc.
United States
540 234.0 324.0
21 T3E, Cray/HPE
Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
540 234.0 324.0
22 SR2201/1024, Hitachi
University of Tokyo
Japan
1,024 232.4 307.2
23 Numerical Wind Tunnel, Fujitsu
National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
167 229.0 281.3 498
24 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
268 221.8 321.6
25 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
US Army HPC Research Center at NCS
United States
268 221.8 321.6
26 T3E900, Cray/HPE
University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
348 218.0 313.2
27 VPP700/116, Fujitsu
ECMWF
United Kingdom
116 213.0 255.2
28 T3E900, Cray/HPE
ERDC DSRC
United States
332 208.0 298.8
29 ASCI Blue-Pacific TR, IBM SP 604e, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
672 198.6 446.2
30 SP P2SC 120/135 MHz, IBM
DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
United States
512 180.9 248.3
31 T3E900, Cray/HPE
Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
268 169.0 241.2
32 T3E900, Cray/HPE
Network Computing Services, Inc.
United States
268 169.0 241.2
33 T3E750, Cray/HPE
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
300 157.0 225.0
34 SP PC604e 332 MHz, IBM
IBM
United States
512 156.8 339.9
35 ORIGIN 2000, HPE
NCSA
United States
512 152.0 199.7
36 XP/S140, Intel
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
3,680 143.4 184.0
37 T3E900, Cray/HPE
ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik
Germany
228 143.0 205.2
38 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
CINECA
Italy
172 142.4 206.4
39 XP/S-MP 150, Intel
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
3,072 127.1 154.0
40 HPC 10000 333 MHz Cluster, Oracle
Sun Solution Center for HPC
United States
256 123.9 170.4
41 T3E750, Cray/HPE
CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
Finland
236 123.0 177.0
42 SX-4/64M2, NEC
National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS)
Japan
64 122.0 128.0
43 SX-4/64M2, NEC
Osaka University
Japan
64 122.0 128.0
44 T3E, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
268 117.0 160.8
45 T3E, Cray/HPE
IDRIS
France
268 117.0 160.8
46 T3E, Cray/HPE
UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
268 117.0 160.8
47 T3E750, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
220 115.0 165.0
48 VPP700/56, Fujitsu
Kyushu University
Japan
56 110.0 123.2
49 VPP500/80, Fujitsu
National Lab. for High Energy Physics
Japan
80 109.0 128.0
50 SP P2SC 160 MHz, IBM
Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
243 106.1 155.5
51 VPP700/52, Fujitsu/SNI
Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Germany
52 106.0 114.4
52 XP/S-MP 125, Intel
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
2,502 103.5 125.1
53 T3E, Cray/HPE
Government Agency
United States
236 103.0 141.6
54 ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz, HPE
NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
256 101.4 128.0
55 ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz, HPE
NCSA
United States
256 101.4 128.0
56 ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz, HPE
Silicon Graphics
United States
256 101.4 128.0
57 T3D MC1024-8, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
1,024 100.5 153.6
58 T3E, Cray/HPE
National Supercomputer Centre (NSC)
Sweden
228 99.7 136.8
59 VPP700/48E, Fujitsu
ECMWF
United Kingdom
48 97.5 115.2
60 SP P2SC 135 MHz, IBM
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
256 94.2 138.2
61 SP P2SC 135 MHz, IBM
ERDC DSRC
United States
256 94.2 138.2
62 T3E750, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
172 89.8 129.0
63 T3E900, Cray/HPE
KISTI Supercomputing Center
South Korea
132 82.1 118.8
64 SP P2SC 160 MHz, IBM
State Farm
United States
186 81.9 119.0
65 T3E, Cray/HPE
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
188 81.3 112.8
66 SP PC604e 332 MHz, IBM
BASF
Germany
256 79.2 170.0
67 SP PC604e 332 MHz, IBM
IBM
United States
256 79.2 170.0
68 SP PC604e 332 MHz, IBM
University of Minnesota/Supercomputing Institute
United States
256 79.2 170.0
69 SP P2SC 120 MHz, IBM
State Farm
United States
242 78.9 116.2
70 T3E, Cray/HPE
NRI for Earth Science and Disaster (NIED)
Japan
172 74.5 103.2
71 SP2/402, IBM
Chip Manufacturer (B)
United States
402 69.3 106.9
72 SP P2SC 160 MHz, IBM
KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
Sweden
146 64.8 93.4
73 T3E, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
148 64.2 88.8
74 T3E900, Cray/HPE
University of Alaska - Arctic Region Supercomputing Center
United States
100 62.9 90.0
75 SX-4/32, NEC
Bureau of Meteorology / CSIRO HPCCC
Australia
32 61.7 64.0
76 SX-4/32, NEC
HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
32 61.7 64.0
77 SX-4/32, NEC
NEC Fuchu Plant
Japan
32 61.7 64.0
78 SX-4/32, NEC
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Japan
32 61.7 64.0
79 SP PC604e 332 MHz, IBM
Charles Schwab
United States
192 59.9 127.5
80 CM-5/1056, Thinking Machines Corporation
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
1,056 59.7 135.2
81 VPP500/42, Fujitsu
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
42 59.6 67.2
82 VPP500/42, Fujitsu
Nagoya University
Japan
42 59.6 67.2
83 SR2201/256, Hitachi
Hitachi Mechanical Engineering Res. Lab.
Japan
256 58.7 76.8
84 SR2201/256, Hitachi
Real World Computing (RWCP)
Japan
256 58.7 76.8
85 SR2201/256, Hitachi
University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
256 58.7 76.8
86 SR2201/256, Hitachi
University of Tokyo/Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science
Japan
256 58.7 76.8
87 T3E, Cray/HPE
Japan Adv. Inst. of Science and Technology (JAIST)
Japan
134 58.2 80.4
88 VPP700/26E, Fujitsu
Meteo France
France
26 58.0 62.4
89 SP PC604e 332 MHz, IBM
TELUS Communications Inc.
Canada
184 57.5 122.2
90 T3E, Cray/HPE
Ohio Supercomputer Center
United States
132 57.4 79.2
91 SP P2SC 160 MHz, IBM
Oracle/IBM
France
128 57.2 81.9
92 SP P2SC 160 MHz, IBM
UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
128 57.2 81.9
93 VPP500/40, Fujitsu
National Institute of Genetics
Japan
40 56.9 64.0
94 VPP500/40, Fujitsu
University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics
Japan
40 56.9 64.0
95 SP P2SC 160 MHz, IBM
ERDC DSRC
United States
126 56.4 80.6
96 T3E900, Cray/HPE
The Scripps Research Institute
United States
86 54.6 77.4
97 CPlant Cluster, Self-made
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
150 54.2 150.0
98 SP P2SC 120 MHz, IBM
Cornell Theory Center
United States
160 53.0 76.8
99 ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz, HPE
Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC)
United Kingdom
128 51.4 64.0
100 ONYX2 250 MHz, HPE
DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
128 51.4 64.0