November 2013

Tianhe-2, a supercomputer developed by China’s National University of Defense Technology, retained its position as the world’s No. 1 system with a performance of 33.86 petaflop/s (quadrillions of calculations per second) on the Linpack benchmark, according to the 42nd edition of the twice-yearly TOP500 list of the world’s most powerful supercomputers. The list was announced Nov. 18 at the SC13 conference in Denver, Colo.

Titan, a Cray XK7 system installed at the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory, remains the No. 2 system. It achieved 17.59 Pflop/s on the Linpack benchmark. Titan is one of the most energy efficient systems on the list consuming a total of 8.21 MW and delivering 2.143 gigaflops/W.

Sequoia, an IBM BlueGene/Q system installed at DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is again the No. 3 system. It was first delivered in 2011 and achieved 17.17 Plop/s on the Linpack benchmark.

Fujitsu’s K computer installed at the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS) in Kobe, Japan, is the No. 4 system with 10.51 Pflop/s on the Linpack benchmark.

Mira, a BlueGene/Q system installed at DOE’s Argonne National Laboratory, is No. 5 with 8.59 Plop/s on the Linpack benchmark. 

The new entry in the TOP10 is at No. 6 –Piz Daint, a Cray XC30 system installed at the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) in Lugano, Switzerland and now the most powerful system in Europe. Piz Daint achieved 6.27 Pflop/s on the Linpack benchmark. Piz Daint is also the most energy efficient system in the TOP10 consuming a total of 2.33 MW and delivering 2.7 Gflops/W.

Rounding out the TOP10 are Stampede at the Texas Advanced Computing Center of the University of Texas, Austin, which slipped to No. 7; a BlueGene/Q system called JUQEEN installed at the Forschungszentrum Juelich in Germany is No. 8; No. 9 is taken by Vulcan, another IBM BlueGene/Q system at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; and No. 10 is the third system in Europe, the SuperMUC, installed at Leibniz Rechenzentrum in Germany.

The total combined performance of all 500 systems on the list is 250 Pflop/s. Half of the total performance is achieved by the top 17 systems on the list, with the other half of total performance spread among the remaining 483 systems.

TOP 10 Sites for November 2013

For more information about the sites and systems in the list, click on the links or view the complete list.

Rank System Cores Rmax (TFlop/s) Rpeak (TFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 Tianhe-2 (MilkyWay-2) - TH-IVB-FEP Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2692 12C 2.200GHz, TH Express-2, Intel Xeon Phi 31S1P , NUDT
National Super Computer Center in Guangzhou
China
3,120,000 33,862.7 54,902.4 17,808
2 Titan - Cray XK7 , Opteron 6274 16C 2.200GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect, NVIDIA K20x , Cray Inc.
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
560,640 17,590.0 27,112.5 8,209
3 Sequoia - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom , IBM
DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
1,572,864 17,173.2 20,132.7 7,890
4 K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect , Fujitsu
RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS)
Japan
705,024 10,510.0 11,280.4 12,660
5 Mira - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom , IBM
DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
786,432 8,586.6 10,066.3 3,945
6 Piz Daint - Cray XC30, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Aries interconnect , NVIDIA K20x , Cray Inc.
Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS)
Switzerland
115,984 6,271.0 7,788.9 1,754
7 Stampede - PowerEdge C8220, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi SE10P , Dell
Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas
United States
462,462 5,168.1 8,520.1 4,510
8 JUQUEEN - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect , IBM
Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
458,752 5,008.9 5,872.0 2,301
9 Vulcan - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect , IBM
DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
393,216 4,293.3 5,033.2 1,972
10 SuperMUC - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.70GHz, Infiniband FDR , IBM/Lenovo
Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Germany
147,456 2,897.0 3,185.1 3,423