November 2006

On the new list, the IBM BlueGene/L system, installed at DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), retains the No. 1 spot with a Linpack performance of 280.6 teraflops (trillions of calculations per second, or Tflop/s).

The new No. 2 systems is Sandia National Laboratories’ Cray Red Storm supercomputer, only the second system ever to be recorded to exceed the 100 Tflops/s mark with 101.4 Tflops/s. The initial Red Storm system was ranked No. 9 in the last listing.

Slipping to No. 3 from No. 2 last June is the IBM eServer Blue Gene Solution system, installed at IBM’s Thomas Watson Research Center with 91.20 Tflops/s Linpack performance.

The new No. 5 is the largest system in Europe, an IBM JS21 cluster installed at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center. The system reached 62.63 Tflops/s.

Sandia’s Dell PowerEdge system was re-measured at 53 Tflops/s and was able to hold on to No. 6 spot.

The NovaScale 5160 system built by the French company Bull and installed at France’s Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) slipped to No. 7, despite a new Linpack measurement of 52.84 Tflops/s. The original system debuted in the No. 5 position in June.

No. 9 is now occupied by the largest system in Japan, a cluster integrated by NEC based on Sun Fire X4600 with Opteron processors, ClearSpeed accelerators, and an InfiniBand interconnect. The system is installed at the Tokyo Institute of Technology.

The current No. 10 system is the upgraded Cray XT3 system at DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory with 43.48 Tflop/s. It would have been ranked at No. 5 in June, and one year ago its predecessor was also No. 10 with just 20.53 Tflop/s.

The Earth Simulator, built by NEC, which held the No. 1 spot for five lists, has now slipped out of the TOP10 and is ranked at No 14.

TOP 10 Sites for November 2006

For more information about the sites and systems in the list, click on the links or view the complete list.

Rank Site System Cores Rmax (TFlop/s) Rpeak (TFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
BlueGene/L - eServer Blue Gene Solution
IBM
131,072 280.6 367.0 1,433
2 NNSA/Sandia National Laboratories
United States
Red Storm - Sandia/ Cray Red Storm, Opteron 2.4 GHz dual core
Cray Inc.
26,544 101.4 127.4
3 IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
United States
BGW - eServer Blue Gene Solution
IBM
40,960 91.3 114.7 448
4 DOE/NNSA/LLNL
United States
ASC Purple - eServer pSeries p5 575 1.9 GHz
IBM
12,208 75.8 92.8 1,992
5 Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Spain
MareNostrum - BladeCenter JS21 Cluster, PPC 970, 2.3 GHz, Myrinet
IBM
10,240 62.6 94.2
6 NNSA/Sandia National Laboratories
United States
Thunderbird - PowerEdge 1850, 3.6 GHz, Infiniband
Dell
9,024 53.0 65.0
7 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
Tera-10 - NovaScale 5160, Itanium2 1.6 GHz, Quadrics
Bull SA
9,968 52.8 63.8
8 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
Columbia - SGI Altix 1.5 GHz, Voltaire Infiniband
SGI
10,160 51.9 61.0
9 GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Japan
TSUBAME Grid Cluster - Sun Fire x4600 Cluster, Opteron 2.4/2.6 GHz and ClearSpeed Accelerator, Infiniband
NEC/Sun
11,088 47.4 82.1
10 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
Jaguar - Cray XT3, 2.6 GHz dual Core
Cray Inc.
10,424 43.5 54.2