The fiftieth TOP500 list of the fastest supercomputers in the world has China overtaking the US in the total number of ranked systems by a margin of 202 to 143. It is the largest number of supercomputers China has ever claimed on the TOP500 ranking, with the US presence shrinking to its lowest level since the list’s inception 25 years ago.
IBM and its partners have developed a novel technology to build 5nm chips, based on silicon nanosheet transistors. Compared to 10nm chips using FinFET transistors, the new technology promises to deliver a 40 percent performance increase, a 75 percent power savings, or some combination of the two.
Ministers from seven European countries have signed on to a plan to develop an exascale capability based on technology developed within the EU member states. The goal is to bring up two pre-exascale supercomputers by 2020 and two full exascale systems no later than 2023.
The long-predicted demise of Moore’s Law appears to be playing out. Over the last couple of years, Intel and other chipmakers have struggled to keep their semiconductor technology plans on schedule, paving the way for fundamental changes in the computer industry.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has built a new modular supercomputing facility at its Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley that could be the template for future HPC infrastructure at the agency.
The Tokyo Institute of Technology, also known as Tokyo Tech, has revealed that the TSUBAME 3.0 supercomputer scheduled to be installed this summer will provide 47 half precision (16-bit) petaflops of performance, making it one of the most powerful machines on the planet for artificial intelligence computation. The system is being built by HPE/SGI and will feature NVIDIA’s Tesla P100 GPUs.
The Latest List - November 2017
In the latest GREEN500 list, the top three positions are taken by newly installed systems in Japan, all of which are based on the ZettaScaler-2.2 architecture and the PEZY-SC2 accelerator. The SC2 is a second-generation 2048-core chip that provides a peak performance of 8.192 teraflops in single-precision.
The Green500 list ranks the top 500 supercomputers in the world by energy efficiency. The focus of performance-at-any-cost computer operations has led to the emergence of supercomputers that consume vast amounts of electrical power and produce so much heat that large cooling facilities must be constructed to ensure proper performance. To address this trend, the Green500 list puts a premium on energy-efficient performance for sustainable supercomputing.
The inaugural Green500 list was announced on November 15, 2007 at SC|07. As a complement to the TOP500, the unveiling of the Green500 ushered in a new era where supercomputers can be compared by performance-per-watt.
While the selection of any power-performance metric will be controversial, we currently opt for "FLOPS-per-Watt" given that it has already become a widely used metric in the community and for reasons outlined in, Making a Case for a Green500 List, which was presented at the 2nd IEEE IPDPS Workshop on High-Performance, Power-Aware Computing, April 2006.
At SC|09, the Green500 announced the creation of three new exploratory lists -- Little, Open, and HPCC -- as companions to the Green500 list. While the Green500 list continues to be the official rankings, these new lists allow us to explore new metrics based on community input.