Top500 List - June 2002

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank Site System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 Japan Agency for Marine -Earth Science and Technology
Japan
Earth-Simulator
NEC
5120 35,860.0 40,960.0 3,200
2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
ASCI White, SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
8192 7,226.0 12,288.0
3 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
3016 4,463.0 6,032.0
4 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
2560 3,980.0 5,120.0
5 DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
3328 3,052.0 4,992.0
6 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
2048 2,916.0 4,096.0
7 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
ASCI Red
Intel
9632 2,379.0 3,207.0
8 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz
IBM
864 2,310.0 4,492.8
9 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
ASCI Blue-Pacific SST, IBM SP 604e
IBM
5808 2,144.0 3,856.5
10 IBM/US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz
IBM
768 2,050.0 3,993.6
11 AWE
United Kingdom
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
1920 1,910.0 2,880.0
12 IBM/ECMWF
United States
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz
IBM
704 1,849.0 3,660.8
13 University of Tokyo
Japan
SR8000/MPP
Hitachi
1152 1,709.1 2,074.0
14 Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Germany
SR8000-F1/168
Hitachi
168 1,653.0 2,016.0
15 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
ASCI Blue Mountain
SGI
6144 1,608.0 3,072.0
16 Naval Oceanographic Office - NAVO DSRC
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
1336 1,417.0 2,004.0
17 Deutscher Wetterdienst
Germany
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
1280 1,293.0 1,920.0
18 NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research)
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
1260 1,272.0 1,890.0
19 Osaka University
Japan
SX-5/128M8 3.2ns
NEC
128 1,192.0 1,280.0
20 NOAA R&D/ National Centers for Environmental Prediction
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
1104 1,179.0 1,656.0
21 NOAA R&D/ National Centers for Environmental Prediction
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
1104 1,179.0 1,656.0
22 ERDC DSRC
United States
T3E1200/900
Cray Inc.
1792 1,166.0 1,999.0
23 Government
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
1900 1,166.0 2,280.0
24 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
1088 1,100.0 1,632.0
25 NEC Fuchu Plant
Japan
SX-6/128M16
NEC
128 982.0 1,024.0
26 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 8 way
IBM
1152 929.0 1,728.0
27 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK
Japan
SR8000-F1/100
Hitachi
100 917.0 1,200.0
28 US Army HPC Research Center at NCS
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
1084 892.0 1,300.8
29 ECMWF
United Kingdom
VPP5000/100
Fujitsu
100 886.0 960.0
30 University of Tokyo
Japan
SR8000/128
Hitachi
128 873.0 1,024.0
31 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
812 837.0 1,218.0
32 CINECA
Italy
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth
IBM
512 826.5 2,662.4
33 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
Finland
pSeries 690 1.1GHz GigEth
IBM
512 826.5 2,253.0
34 Florida State University
United States
pSeries 690 1.1GHz GigEth
IBM
512 826.5 2,253.0
35 Universitaet Heidelberg - IWR
Germany
HELICS AMD 1.4 GHz - Myrinet
MEGWARE
512 825.0 1,433.6
36 Government
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
1324 815.0 1,191.6
37 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
512 809.0 1,024.0
38 ERDC DSRC
United States
emerald - AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
512 809.0 1,024.0
39 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
512 809.0 1,024.0
40 Charles Schwab
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
768 795.0 1,152.0
41 Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University (IMR)
Japan
SR8000-G1/64
Hitachi
64 790.7 921.6
42 National Computational Infrastructure National Facility (NCI-NF)
Australia
AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
480 772.0 960.0
43 North Carolina Supercomputing Center (NCSC)
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
720 741.0 1,080.0
44 IBM
United States
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz
IBM
256 736.6 1,331.2
45 University of Tsukuba
Japan
VPP5000/80
Fujitsu
80 730.0 768.0
46 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
704 723.0 1,056.0
47 GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Japan
Presto III Athlon 1.6 GHz
Self-made
480 716.1 1,536.0
48 HLRN at Universitaet Hannover / RRZN
Germany
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth
IBM
384 708.0 1,996.8
49 HLRN at ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum Berlin
Germany
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth
IBM
384 708.0 1,996.8
50 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
CPlant/Ross Cluster
Self-made
1369 706.7 1,275.9
51 Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan
SR8000-E1/80
Hitachi
80 691.3 768.0
52 Los Alamos National Laboratory/ACL
United States
ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz
SGI
2048 690.9 1,024.0
53 NCSA
United States
Titan Cluster Itanium 800 MHz
IBM
320 677.9 1,024.0
54 CSAR at the University of Manchester
United Kingdom
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
812 671.0 974.4
55 Deutscher Wetterdienst
Germany
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
812 671.0 974.4
56 CBRC - Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST
Japan
Magi Cluster PIII 933 MHz
NEC
1040 654.0 970.0
57 Real World Computing (RWCP)/Tsukuba Research Center
Japan
SCore IIIe/PIII 933 MHz
Self-made
1024 618.3 955.4
58 NCSA
United States
Netfinity Cluster PIII 1 GHz - Myrinet
IBM
1024 594.0 1,024.0
59 IDRIS
France
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth
IBM
256 590.2 1,331.2
60 National Center for High Performance Computing
Taiwan
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth
IBM
256 590.2 1,331.2
61 Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth
IBM
256 590.2 1,331.2
62 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics
Japan
SR8000-F1/60
Hitachi
60 577.0 720.0
63 COLSA
United States
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth
IBM
240 564.0 1,248.0
64 Joint Supercomputer Center
Russia
MVS1000M EV67 667 MHz
Self-made
768 564.0 1,024.0
65 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
VPP5000/64
Fujitsu
64 563.0 614.4
66 Kyushu University
Japan
VPP5000/64
Fujitsu
64 563.0 614.4
67 Sprint PCS
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
528 561.0 792.0
68 Institute of High Performance Computing (IHPC)
Singapore
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth
IBM
224 555.3 1,164.8
69 Manufacturer (G)
United States
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth
IBM
224 555.3 1,164.8
70 IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
520 554.0 780.0
71 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
528 553.0 792.0
72 Deutsche Telekom AG
Germany
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
528 553.0 792.0
73 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
T3E900
Cray Inc.
876 552.0 788.4
74 Saudi Aramco
Saudi Arabia
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
512 546.0 768.0
75 State Farm
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
520 546.0 780.0
76 US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
512 546.0 768.0
77 Pharmaceutical Company
Germany
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
510 536.0 765.0
78 Indiana University
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
508 534.0 762.0
79 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
Precision 530 Cluster P4 XEON 2.0 GHz
Dell
256 526.0 1,024.0
80 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
636 526.0 763.2
81 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
1356 525.0 813.6
82 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth
IBM
208 513.0 1,081.6
83 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz
Hewlett-Packard
324 512.0 648.0
84 State Farm
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
488 512.0 732.0
85 Hewlett-Packard
United States
AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67
Hewlett-Packard
512 507.6 682.7
86 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67
Hewlett-Packard
512 507.6 682.7
87 DKRZ - Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum
Germany
SX-6/64M8
NEC
64 495.2 512.0
88 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
SX-6/64M8
NEC
64 495.2 512.0
89 National Institute for Environmental Studies
Japan
SX-6/64M8
NEC
64 495.2 512.0
90 Centre Informatique National (CINES)
France
SP Power3 375 MHz
IBM
472 494.0 708.0
91 Nagoya University
Japan
VPP5000/56
Fujitsu
56 492.0 537.6
92 Kyoto University
Japan
VPP800/63
Fujitsu
63 482.0 504.0
93 HPC2N - Umea University
Sweden
AMD 1.66 GHz - SCI 3D-torus
Self-made
240 481.0 800.0
94 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way
IBM
448 480.0 672.0
95 EDS/ Adam Opel AG
Germany
pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth
IBM
192 472.0 998.4
96 Hewlett-Packard
United States
SuperDome 750 MHz/HyperFabric
Hewlett-Packard
256 470.9 768.0
97 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e
IBM
1344 468.2 892.4
98 Hewlett-Packard
United States
SuperDome 750 MHz/HyperPlex
Hewlett-Packard
256 449.4 768.0
99 Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST
Japan
SR8000/64
Hitachi
64 449.0 512.0
100 Cray Inc.
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
540 447.0 648.0