Top500 List - November 1998

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank Site System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
ASCI Red
Intel
9152 1,338.0 1,830.4
2 Government
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
1084 891.0 1,300.8
3 Government
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
1324 815.0 1,191.6
4 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
ASCI Blue Mountain
SGI
6144 690.9 3,072.0
5 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
T3E900
Cray Inc.
876 552.0 788.4
6 IBM
United States
ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e
IBM
1952 547.0 1,296.1
7 CSAR at the University of Manchester
United Kingdom
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
612 509.0 734.4
8 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e
IBM
1344 468.2 892.4
9 Naval Oceanographic Office - NAVO DSRC
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
700 449.0 630.0
10 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
1084 448.6 650.4
11 Cray Inc.
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
540 447.0 648.0
12 DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
692 444.0 622.8
13 Deutscher Wetterdienst
Germany
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
484 401.0 580.8
14 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Japan
CP-PACS/2048
Hitachi/Tsukuba
2048 368.2 614.4
15 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
812 355.0 487.2
16 HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
T3E900
Cray Inc.
540 341.0 486.0
17 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
540 341.0 486.0
18 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-4/128M4
NEC
128 244.0 256.0
19 Tohoku University
Japan
SX-4/128H4
NEC
128 244.0 256.0
20 Cray Inc.
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
540 234.0 324.0
21 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
540 234.0 324.0
22 University of Tokyo
Japan
SR2201/1024
Hitachi
1024 232.4 307.2
23 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
Numerical Wind Tunnel
Fujitsu
167 229.0 281.3 498
24 Government
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
268 221.8 321.6
25 US Army HPC Research Center at NCS
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
268 221.8 321.6
26 University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
T3E900
Cray Inc.
348 218.0 313.2
27 ECMWF
United Kingdom
VPP700/116
Fujitsu
116 213.0 255.2
28 ERDC DSRC
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
332 208.0 298.8
29 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
ASCI Blue-Pacific TR, IBM SP 604e
IBM
672 198.6 446.2
30 DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
United States
SP P2SC 120/135 MHz
IBM
512 180.9 248.3
31 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
T3E900
Cray Inc.
268 169.0 241.2
32 Network Computing Services, Inc.
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
268 169.0 241.2
33 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
T3E750
Cray Inc.
300 157.0 225.0
34 IBM
United States
SP PC604e 332 MHz
IBM
512 156.8 339.9
35 NCSA
United States
ORIGIN 2000
SGI
512 152.0 199.7
36 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
XP/S140
Intel
3680 143.4 184.0
37 ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik
Germany
T3E900
Cray Inc.
228 143.0 205.2
38 CINECA
Italy
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
172 142.4 206.4
39 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
XP/S-MP 150
Intel
3072 127.1 154.0
40 Sun Solution Center for HPC
United States
HPC 10000 333 MHz Cluster
Oracle
256 123.9 170.4
41 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
Finland
T3E750
Cray Inc.
236 123.0 177.0
42 National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS)
Japan
SX-4/64M2
NEC
64 122.0 128.0
43 Osaka University
Japan
SX-4/64M2
NEC
64 122.0 128.0
44 Government
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
268 117.0 160.8
45 IDRIS
France
T3E
Cray Inc.
268 117.0 160.8
46 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
268 117.0 160.8
47 Government
United States
T3E750
Cray Inc.
220 115.0 165.0
48 Kyushu University
Japan
VPP700/56
Fujitsu
56 110.0 123.2
49 National Lab. for High Energy Physics
Japan
VPP500/80
Fujitsu
80 109.0 128.0
50 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
243 106.1 155.5
51 Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Germany
VPP700/52
Fujitsu/SNI
52 106.0 114.4
52 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
XP/S-MP 125
Intel
2502 103.5 125.1
53 Government Agency
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
236 103.0 141.6
54 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz
SGI
256 101.4 128.0
55 NCSA
United States
ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz
SGI
256 101.4 128.0
56 Silicon Graphics
United States
ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz
SGI
256 101.4 128.0
57 Government
United States
T3D MC1024-8
Cray Inc.
1024 100.5 153.6
58 National Supercomputer Centre (NSC)
Sweden
T3E
Cray Inc.
228 99.7 136.8
59 ECMWF
United Kingdom
VPP700/48E
Fujitsu
48 97.5 115.2
60 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
SP P2SC 135 MHz
IBM
256 94.2 138.2
61 ERDC DSRC
United States
SP P2SC 135 MHz
IBM
256 94.2 138.2
62 Government
United States
T3E750
Cray Inc.
172 89.8 129.0
63 KISTI Supercomputing Center
Korea, South
T3E900
Cray Inc.
132 82.1 118.8
64 State Farm
United States
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
186 81.9 119.0
65 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
T3E
Cray Inc.
188 81.3 112.8
66 BASF
Germany
SP PC604e 332 MHz
IBM
256 79.2 170.0
67 IBM
United States
SP PC604e 332 MHz
IBM
256 79.2 170.0
68 University of Minnesota/Supercomputing Institute
United States
SP PC604e 332 MHz
IBM
256 79.2 170.0
69 State Farm
United States
SP P2SC 120 MHz
IBM
242 78.9 116.2
70 NRI for Earth Science and Disaster (NIED)
Japan
T3E
Cray Inc.
172 74.5 103.2
71 Chip Manufacturer (B)
United States
SP2/402
IBM
402 69.3 106.9
72 KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
Sweden
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
146 64.8 93.4
73 Government
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
148 64.2 88.8
74 University of Alaska - Arctic Region Supercomputing Center
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
100 62.9 90.0
75 Bureau of Meteorology / CSIRO HPCCC
Australia
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
76 HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
77 National Institute for Environmental Studies
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
78 NEC Fuchu Plant
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
79 Charles Schwab
United States
SP PC604e 332 MHz
IBM
192 59.9 127.5
80 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
CM-5/1056
Thinking Machines Corporation
1056 59.7 135.2
81 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
VPP500/42
Fujitsu
42 59.6 67.2
82 Nagoya University
Japan
VPP500/42
Fujitsu
42 59.6 67.2
83 Hitachi Mechanical Engineering Res. Lab.
Japan
SR2201/256
Hitachi
256 58.7 76.8
84 Real World Computing (RWCP)
Japan
SR2201/256
Hitachi
256 58.7 76.8
85 University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
SR2201/256
Hitachi
256 58.7 76.8
86 University of Tokyo/Human Genome Center, IMS
Japan
SR2201/256
Hitachi
256 58.7 76.8
87 Japan Adv. Inst. of Science and Technology (JAIST)
Japan
T3E
Cray Inc.
134 58.2 80.4
88 Meteo France
France
VPP700/26E
Fujitsu
26 58.0 62.4
89 TELUS Communications Inc.
Canada
SP PC604e 332 MHz
IBM
184 57.5 122.2
90 Ohio Supercomputer Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
132 57.4 79.2
91 Oracle/IBM
France
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
128 57.2 81.9
92 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
128 57.2 81.9
93 National Institute of Genetics
Japan
VPP500/40
Fujitsu
40 56.9 64.0
94 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics
Japan
VPP500/40
Fujitsu
40 56.9 64.0
95 ERDC DSRC
United States
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
126 56.4 80.6
96 The Scripps Research Institute
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
86 54.6 77.4
97 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
CPlant Cluster
Self-made
150 54.2 150.0
98 Cornell Theory Center
United States
SP P2SC 120 MHz
IBM
160 53.0 76.8
99 Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC)
United Kingdom
ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz
SGI
128 51.4 64.0
100 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
ONYX2 250 MHz
SGI
128 51.4 64.0