Top500 List - November 1997

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank Site System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
ASCI Red
Intel
9152 1338.0 1830.4
2 Government
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
1248 634.0 1123.2
3 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
T3E900
Cray Inc.
840 430.3 756.0
4 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Japan
CP-PACS/2048
Hitachi/Tsukuba
2048 368.2 614.4
5 DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
512 264.8 460.8
6 University of Tokyo
Japan
SR2201/1024
Hitachi
1024 232.4 307.2
7 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
Numerical Wind Tunnel
Fujitsu
167 229.0 281.3 498
8 ECMWF
United Kingdom
VPP700/116
Fujitsu
116 213.0 255.2
9 Cray Research
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
544 196.0 326.4
10 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
512 196.0 307.2
11 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
672 196.0 403.2
12 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
512 196.0 307.2
13 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
512 196.0 307.2
14 Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
512 196.0 307.2
15 ERDC DSRC
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
312 166.3 280.8
16 Deutscher Wetterdienst
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
400 153.0 240.0
17 DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
United States
SP P2SC 120 MHz
IBM
472 151.8 226.6
18 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
XP/S140
Intel
3680 143.4 184.0
19 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
T3E900
Cray Inc.
256 138.7 230.4
20 Minnesota Supercomputer Center
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
256 138.7 230.4
21 Naval Oceanographic Office - NAVO DSRC
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
256 138.7 230.4
22 University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
T3E900
Cray Inc.
256 138.7 230.4
23 Cray Research
United States
T3E1200
Cray Inc.
256 138.0 307.2
24 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
XP/S-MP 150
Intel
3072 127.1 154.0
25 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
T3E750
Cray Inc.
280 125.0 210.0
26 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-4/64
NEC
64 122.0 128.0
27 Osaka University
Japan
SX-4/64M2
NEC
64 122.0 128.0
28 Kyushu University
Japan
VPP700/56
Fujitsu
56 110.0 123.2
29 National Lab. for High Energy Physics
Japan
VPP500/80
Fujitsu
80 109.0 128.0
30 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
XP/S-MP 125
Intel
2502 103.5 125.1
31 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
Finland
T3E750
Cray Inc.
224 101.0 168.0
32 Government
United States
T3D MC1024-8
Cray Inc.
1024 100.5 153.6
33 IDRIS
France
T3E
Cray Inc.
256 98.5 153.6
34 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
256 98.5 153.6
35 National Supercomputer Centre (NSC)
Sweden
T3E
Cray Inc.
216 83.5 129.6
36 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
SP P2SC 135 MHz
IBM
256 83.4 138.2
37 ERDC DSRC
United States
SP P2SC 135 MHz
IBM
256 83.4 138.2
38 IBM
United States
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
256 83.4 163.8
39 ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik
Germany
T3E900
Cray Inc.
152 82.3 136.8
40 Government Agency
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
200 77.5 120.0
41 Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Germany
VPP700/34
Fujitsu/SNI
34 71.1 74.8
42 Chip Manufacturer (B)
United States
SP2/402
IBM
402 69.3 106.9
43 KISTI Supercomputing Center
Korea, South
T3E900
Cray Inc.
128 69.3 115.2
44 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
T3E
Cray Inc.
176 68.5 105.6
45 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
SP2/384
IBM
384 66.3 102.1
46 NRI for Earth Science and Disaster (NIED)
Japan
T3E
Cray Inc.
160 62.4 96.0
47 HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
48 National Institute for Environmental Studies
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
49 NEC Fuchu Plant
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
50 Tohoku University
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
51 Tohoku University
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
52 Tohoku University
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
53 Tohoku University
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 61.7 64.0
54 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
VPP500/42
Fujitsu
42 59.6 67.2
55 Nagoya University
Japan
VPP500/42
Fujitsu
42 59.6 67.2
56 Real World Computing (RWCP)
Japan
SR2201/256
Hitachi
256 58.7 76.8
57 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
SP P2SC 160 MHz
IBM
128 57.2 81.9
58 National Institute of Genetics
Japan
VPP500/40
Fujitsu
40 56.9 64.0
59 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics
Japan
VPP500/40
Fujitsu
40 56.9 64.0
60 Cornell Theory Center
United States
SP P2SC 120 MHz
IBM
160 53.0 76.8
61 Minnesota Supercomputer Center
United States
CM-5/896
Thinking Machines Corporation
896 52.3 114.7
62 University of Alaska - Arctic Region Supercomputing Center
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
96 52.0 86.4
63 Caltech/JPL
United States
Exemplar X-Class
Hewlett-Packard
128 51.3 92.2
64 Hewlett-Packard CXTC
United States
Exemplar X-Class
Hewlett-Packard
128 51.3 92.2
65 University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
SR2201/224
Hitachi
224 51.1 67.2
66 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
67 Network Computing Services, Inc.
United States
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
68 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
69 University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
70 Chip Manufacturer (A)
United States
SP P2SC 120 MHz
IBM
152 50.4 73.0
71 CINECA
Italy
T3E
Cray Inc.
128 50.4 76.8
72 Japan Adv. Inst. of Science and Technology (JAIST)
Japan
T3E
Cray Inc.
128 50.4 76.8
73 Ohio Supercomputer Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
128 50.4 76.8
74 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
SX-4/25
NEC
25 48.3 50.0
75 The Angstrom Technology Partnership
Japan
VPP500/32
Fujitsu
32 46.1 51.2
76 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
SP2/256
IBM
256 44.2 68.1
77 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
SP2/256
IBM
256 44.2 68.1
78 Scientific Supercomputing Center Karlsruhe
Germany
SP2/256
IBM
256 44.2 68.1
79 The Scripps Research Institute
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
80 43.4 72.0
80 Institute of Physical and Chemical Res. (RIKEN)
Japan
VPP500/28
Fujitsu
28 40.4 44.8
81 Japan Marine Science and Technology
Japan
SX-4/20
NEC
20 38.7 40.0
82 National Research Institute for Metals
Japan
SX-4/20
NEC
20 38.7 40.0
83 Toyota Central Research & Development
Japan
SX-4/20
NEC
20 38.7 40.0
84 NERSC/LBNL/Berkeley Labs
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
96 37.8 57.6
85 Phillips Petroleum Company
United States
T3E900
Cray Inc.
64 34.8 57.6
86 Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norway
T3E
Cray Inc.
88 34.6 52.8
87 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
VPP300/16
Fujitsu
16 34.1 35.2
88 Japan Science and Technology
Japan
VPP300/16
Fujitsu
16 34.1 35.2
89 Reactor & Nuclear Fuel Development
Japan
VPP300/16
Fujitsu
16 34.1 35.2
90 Scientific Supercomputing Center Karlsruhe
Germany
VPP300/16
Fujitsu/SNI
16 34.1 35.2
91 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
XP/S-MP 41
Intel
816 33.7 40.8
92 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory
United States
SP P2SC 120 MHz
IBM
94 32.0 45.1
93 Technical University Delft (TUD)
Netherlands
T3E
Cray Inc.
80 31.5 48.0
94 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-4/16
NEC
16 31.1 32.0
95 Danish Meteorological Institute
Denmark
SX-4/16
NEC
16 31.1 32.0
96 National Aerospace Laboratory (NLR)
Netherlands
SX-4/16
NEC
16 31.1 32.0
97 National Cardiovascular Center
Japan
SX-4/16
NEC
16 31.1 32.0
98 Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
SX-4/16
NEC
16 31.1 32.0
99 Government
United States
T932/321024
Cray Inc.
32 29.4 57.6
100 Government
United States
T932/321024
Cray Inc.
32 29.4 57.6