Top500 List - November 1996

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are for the normal CPU clock rate. For the effeciency of the systems you should take the Turbu CPU clock rate into account.

Rank Site System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Japan
CP-PACS/2048
Hitachi/Tsukuba
2048 368.2 614.4
2 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
Numerical Wind Tunnel
Fujitsu
167 229.0 281.3 498
3 University of Tokyo
Japan
SR2201/1024
Hitachi
1024 220.4 307.2
4 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
XP/S140
Intel
3680 143.4 184.0
5 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
XP/S-MP 150
Intel
3072 127.1 154.0
6 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
XP/S-MP 125
Intel
2502 103.5 125.1
7 Government
United States
T3D MC1024-8
Cray Inc.
1024 100.5 153.6
8 National Lab. for High Energy Physics
Japan
VPP500/80
Fujitsu
80 98.9 128.0
9 ECMWF
United Kingdom
VPP700/46
Fujitsu
46 94.3 101.2
10 Kyushu University
Japan
VPP700/56
Fujitsu
56 94.3 123.2
11 ERDC DSRC
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
256 93.2 153.6
12 IDRIS
France
T3E
Cray Inc.
256 93.2 153.6
13 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
256 93.2 153.6
14 Cornell Theory Center
United States
SP2/512
IBM
512 88.4 136.2
15 IBM
United States
SP2/512
IBM
512 88.4 136.2
16 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
SP2/384
IBM
384 66.3 102.1
17 HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
SX-4/32
NEC
32 60.6 64.0
18 NEC Fuchu Plant
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 60.6 64.0
19 Osaka University
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 60.6 64.0
20 Osaka University
Japan
SX-4/32
NEC
32 60.6 64.0
21 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
CM-5/1056
Thinking Machines Corporation
1056 59.7 135.2
22 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
VPP500/42
Fujitsu
42 54.5 67.2
23 Nagoya University
Japan
VPP500/42
Fujitsu
42 54.5 67.2
24 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
136 53.1 81.6
25 Minnesota Supercomputer Center
United States
CM-5/896
Thinking Machines Corporation
896 52.3 114.7
26 National Institute of Genetics
Japan
VPP500/40
Fujitsu
40 52.0 64.0
27 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics
Japan
VPP500/40
Fujitsu
40 52.0 64.0
28 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
29 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
30 Network Computing Services, Inc.
United States
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
31 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
32 University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
T3D MC512-8
Cray Inc.
512 50.8 76.8
33 DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
128 50.4 76.8
34 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
128 50.4 76.8
35 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
T3E
Cray Inc.
128 50.4 76.8
36 Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
T3E
Cray Inc.
128 50.4 76.8
37 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
SP2/256
IBM
256 44.2 68.1
38 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
SP2/256
IBM
256 44.2 68.1
39 The Angstrom Technology Partnership
Japan
VPP500/32
Fujitsu
32 42.4 51.2
40 University of Tsukuba
Japan
VPP500/30
Fujitsu
30 39.8 48.0
41 Japan Marine Science and Technology
Japan
SX-4/20
NEC
20 38.2 40.0
42 National Research Institute for Metals
Japan
SX-4/20
NEC
20 38.2 40.0
43 Toyota Central Research & Development
Japan
SX-4/20
NEC
20 38.2 40.0
44 Institute of Physical and Chemical Res. (RIKEN)
Japan
VPP500/28
Fujitsu
28 37.2 44.8
45 DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
United States
SP2/208
IBM
208 36.5 55.3
46 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
VPP300/16
Fujitsu
16 34.1 35.2
47 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
XP/S-MP 41
Intel
816 33.7 40.8
48 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-4/16
NEC
16 30.7 32.0
49 National Aerospace Laboratory (NLR)
Netherlands
SX-4/16
NEC
16 30.7 32.0
50 National Cardiovascular Center
Japan
SX-4/16
NEC
16 30.7 32.0
51 Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
SX-4/16
NEC
16 30.7 32.0
52 National Security Agency
United States
CM-5/512
Thinking Machines Corporation
512 30.4 65.5
53 NCSA
United States
CM-5/512
Thinking Machines Corporation
512 30.4 65.5
54 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT)
Japan
T932/321024
Cray Inc.
32 29.4 57.6
55 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
SP2/160
IBM
160 28.7 42.6
56 Hitachi Ltd. Enterprise Server Division
Japan
S-3800/480
Hitachi
4 28.4 32.0
57 Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan
S-3800/480
Hitachi
4 28.4 32.0
58 University of Tokyo
Japan
S-3800/480
Hitachi
4 28.4 32.0
59 Australian National University
Australia
VPP300/13
Fujitsu
13 27.7 28.6
60 Bear Stearns
United States
T3D MC256-8/464
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
61 Caltech/JPL
United States
T3D SC256-8/264
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
62 Defense Research Agency (DRA)
United Kingdom
T3D MC256-8
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
63 Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Switzerland
T3D MC256-8
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
64 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
T3D SC256-8/464
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
65 NERSC/LLNL
United States
T3D SC256-8/364
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
66 Petroleum Company (A)
United States
T3D MC256-8
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
67 ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik
Germany
T3D SC256-8/464
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
68 Cray Research
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
64 25.1 38.4
69 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
Finland
T3E
Cray Inc.
64 25.1 38.4
70 Manufacturer (G)
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
64 25.1 38.4
71 Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norway
T3E
Cray Inc.
64 25.1 38.4
72 Technical University Delft (TUD)
Netherlands
T3E
Cray Inc.
64 25.1 38.4
73 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-3/44R
NEC
4 23.2 25.6
74 Tohoku University
Japan
SX-3/44R
NEC
4 23.2 25.6
75 NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL)
United States
T932/20512
Cray Inc.
20 23.1 36.0
76 Reactor & Nuclear Fuel Development
Japan
VPP500/16
Fujitsu
16 21.7 25.6
77 Hokkaido University
Japan
S-3800/380
Hitachi
3 21.6 24.0
78 Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University (IMR)
Japan
S-3800/380
Hitachi
3 21.6 24.0
79 Scientific Supercomputing Center Karlsruhe
Germany
VPP300/10
Fujitsu/SNI
10 21.4 22.0
80 KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
Sweden
SP2/110
IBM
110 20.4 29.2
81 Kyoto University
Japan
VPP500/15
Fujitsu
15 20.3 24.0
82 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-3/44
NEC
4 20.0 22.0
83 MCI Worldcom
United States
SP2/104
IBM
104 19.3 27.6
84 ETH Zuerich
Switzerland
XP/S-MP 22
Intel
450 18.7 22.5
85 US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
POWER CHALLENGEarray
SGI
96 18.4 28.8
86 Citicorp
United States
SP2/98
IBM
98 18.3 26.1
87 Scientific Supercomputing Center Karlsruhe
Germany
SP2 77 MHz wide
IBM
84 17.9 25.9
88 Institute for Molecular Science
Japan
SX-3/34R
NEC
3 17.4 19.2
89 VW (Volkswagen AG)
Germany
SX-3/34R
NEC
3 17.4 19.2
90 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
SP2 77 MHz wide
IBM
80 17.2 24.6
91 Nippon University
Japan
VPP300/8
Fujitsu
8 17.1 17.6
92 Universitaet Aachen/RWTH
Germany
VPP300/8
Fujitsu/SNI
8 17.1 17.6
93 NIH (National Institutes of Health)
United States
SP2/85
IBM
85 16.1 22.6
94 NCSA
United States
POWER CHALLENGEarray
SGI
64 15.6 23.0
95 Silicon Graphics
Switzerland
POWER CHALLENGEarray
SGI
64 15.6 23.0
96 University of Texas
United States
T3E
Cray Inc.
40 15.6 24.0
97 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
T916/12512
Cray Inc.
12 15.4 21.6
98 ATR Optical Communication Lab
Japan
SX-4/8
NEC
8 15.3 16.0
99 Danish Meteorological Institute
Denmark
SX-4/8
NEC
8 15.3 16.0
100 German Aerospace Laboratory (DLR)
Germany
SX-4/8
NEC
8 15.3 16.0