Top500 List - November 1994

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank Site System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
Numerical Wind Tunnel
Fujitsu
140 170.0 235.8
2 Sandia National Laboratories
United States
XP/S140
Intel
3680 143.4 184.0
3 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
CM-5/1056
Thinking Machines Corporation
1056 59.7 135.2
4 Minnesota Supercomputer Center
United States
CM-5/864
Thinking Machines Corporation
864 50.5 110.6
5 The Angstrom Technology Partnership
Japan
VPP500/30
Fujitsu
30 39.8 48.0
6 University of Tsukuba
Japan
VPP500/30
Fujitsu
30 39.8 48.0
7 Institute of Physical and Chemical Res. (RIKEN)
Japan
VPP500/28
Fujitsu
28 37.2 44.8
8 National Security Agency
United States
CM-5/512
Thinking Machines Corporation
512 30.4 65.5
9 NCSA
United States
CM-5/512
Thinking Machines Corporation
512 30.4 65.5
10 Hitachi Ltd. Enterprise Server Division
Japan
S-3800/480
Hitachi
4 27.5 32.0
11 University of Tokyo
Japan
S-3800/480
Hitachi
4 27.5 32.0
12 Cray Research
United States
T3D MC256-8
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
13 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
T3D MC256-8
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
14 University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
T3D MC256-8
Cray Inc.
256 25.3 38.4
15 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-3/44R
NEC
4 23.2 25.6
16 NEC
Japan
SX-3/44R
NEC
4 23.2 25.6
17 Tohoku University
Japan
SX-3/44R
NEC
4 23.2 25.6
18 Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University (IMR)
Japan
S-3800/380
Hitachi
3 21.3 24.0
19 Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
SX-3/44
NEC
4 20.0 22.0
20 Institute for Molecular Science
Japan
SX-3/34R
NEC
3 17.4 19.2
21 Caltech
United States
XP/S35
Intel
512 15.2 26.0
22 Caltech
United States
XP/S35
Intel
512 15.2 25.6
23 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
XP/S35
Intel
512 15.2 26.0
24 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
XP/S35
Intel
512 15.2 25.6
25 Government
United States
CM-5/256
Thinking Machines Corporation
256 15.1 32.8
26 Naval Research Laboratory (NRL)
United States
CM-5/256
Thinking Machines Corporation
256 15.1 32.8
27 Thinking Machines
United States
CM-5/256
Thinking Machines Corporation
256 15.1 32.8
28 Caltech
United States
Delta
Intel
512 13.9 20.5
29 Cray Research
United States
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
30 DOE/Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory
United States
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
31 DOE/Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory
United States
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
32 ECMWF
United Kingdom
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
33 ERDC DSRC
United States
Y-MP C916/16512
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
34 Ford Motor Company
United States
Y-MP C916/16512
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
35 Government
United States
Y-MP C916/161024
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
36 Government
United States
Y-MP C916/161024
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
37 Government
United States
Y-MP C916/161024
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
38 Government
United States
Y-MP C916/161024
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
39 Government Communications Headquarters
United Kingdom
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
40 KISTI Supercomputing Center
Korea, South
Y-MP C916/16512
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
41 MITI - AIST - RIPS
Japan
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
42 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
Y-MP C916/161024
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
43 Naval Oceanographic Office - NAVO DSRC
United States
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
44 NERSC/LLNL
United States
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
45 Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
Y-MP C916/16512
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
46 United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
Y-MP C916/16256
Cray Inc.
16 13.7 15.2
47 Communications Res. Lab. (CRL)
Japan
VPP500/10
Fujitsu
10 13.6 16.0
48 Caltech/JPL
United States
T3D SC128-2/264
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
49 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
T3D MC128-8
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
50 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
T3D MCA128-8
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
51 ECMWF
United Kingdom
T3D MCA128-8
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
52 Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Switzerland
T3D MC128-2
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
53 Minnesota Supercomputer Center
United States
T3D MC128-8
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
54 Reactor & Nuclear Fuel Development
Japan
T3D MCA128-2
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
55 University of Alaska - Arctic Region Supercomputing Center
United States
T3D MC128-2
Cray Inc.
128 12.8 19.2
56 CERN
Switzerland
SP2/64
IBM
64 12.1 17.0
57 Cornell Theory Center
United States
SP2/512
IBM
512 12.1 136.2
58 IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
United States
SP2/128
IBM
128 12.1 34.0
59 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
SP2/64
IBM
64 12.1 17.0
60 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
SP2/400
IBM
400 12.1 106.4
61 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
SP2/160
IBM
160 12.1 42.6
62 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
XP/S30
Intel
400 11.9 20.0
63 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
XP/S30
Intel
400 11.9 20.0
64 German Aerospace Laboratory (DLR)
Germany
SX-3/24R
NEC
2 11.6 12.8
65 National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS)
Japan
SX-3/24R
NEC
2 11.6 12.8
66 NEC
Japan
SX-3/24R
NEC
2 11.6 12.8
67 Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
SX-3/24R
NEC
2 11.6 12.8
68 DKRZ - Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum
Germany
Y-MP C916/12256
Cray Inc.
12 10.3 11.4
69 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
XP/S25
Intel
336 10.0 16.8
70 National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
XP/S25
Intel
336 10.0 16.8
71 Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (NRAD)
United States
XP/S25
Intel
336 10.0 16.8
72 Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (NRAD)
United States
XP/S25
Intel
336 10.0 16.8
73 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
CM-200/64k
Thinking Machines Corporation
2048 9.8 20.0
74 Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
CM-200/64k
Thinking Machines Corporation
2048 9.8 20.0
75 Institute of Space & Astronautical Science (ISAS)
Japan
VPP500/7
Fujitsu
7 9.7 11.2
76 Geco-Prakla
United States
CM-5/160
Thinking Machines Corporation
160 9.5 20.5
77 NASA/Langley Research Center
United States
SP2/48
IBM
48 9.1 12.8
78 Postsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Germany
SP2/48
IBM
48 9.1 12.8
79 American Express
United States
CM-5/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 16.4
80 Geco-Prakla
United States
CM-5/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 16.4
81 Government
United States
CM-5/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 16.4
82 Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPG)
France
CM-5/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 16.4
83 MIT
United States
CM-5/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 16.4
84 Mobil / Technical Center
United States
CM-5/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 16.4
85 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
CM-5/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 16.4
86 The Angstrom Technology Partnership
Japan
CM-5E/128
Thinking Machines Corporation
128 7.7 20.5
87 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
XP/S20
Intel
256 7.6 12.8
88 Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
XP/S20
Intel
256 7.6 12.8
89 Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry/CRIEPI
Japan
S-3800/180
Hitachi
1 7.4 8.0
90 Hitachi Ltd. Energy Res. Lab.
Japan
S-3800/180
Hitachi
1 7.4 8.0
91 Meteorological Research Institute (MRI)
Japan
S-3800/180
Hitachi
1 7.4 8.0
92 Suzuki Motor
Japan
S-3800/260
Hitachi
2 7.1 8.0
93 KSR
United States
KSR2-128
Kendall Square Research
128 6.9 10.2
94 Cray Research
United States
Y-MP C98/8512
Cray Inc.
8 6.8 7.6
95 Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center
United States
Y-MP C916/8128
Cray Inc.
8 6.8 7.6
96 Ford Motor Company
United States
Y-MP C916/8512
Cray Inc.
8 6.8 7.6
97 IDRIS
France
Y-MP C98/8512
Cray Inc.
8 6.8 7.6
98 Minnesota Supercomputer Center
United States
Y-MP C916/8512
Cray Inc.
8 6.8 7.6
99 NASA/Ames Research Center/CCF
United States
Y-MP C916/8256
Cray Inc.
8 6.8 7.6
100 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
Y-MP C98/8128
Cray Inc.
8 6.8 7.6